Neonatal Sepsis

Neonatal Sepsis

Sepsis is the name given to the body’s reaction to bacterial infection in the bloodstream. Bacterial

infection can originate from many parts of the body, for example, the skin, the urinary tract, etc.

When bacteria enters the bloodstream, the immune system goes into overdrive and starts attacking the organs and tissues  of the body. Also bacteria and the toxins they create changes the body’s temperature and blood pressure and prevent the organs from working properly.

Sepsis can affect people of any age, but is more common in infants under 28 days old, whose immune system hasn’t developed enough to fight of widespread infections. This is what is called neonatal sepsis .

In cases of early onset sepsis, bacteria can enter the baby’s body from the mother  during pregnancy, labor or delivery. And complications such as :-

  1. Premature rupture of amniotic sac, i.e. before 37 weeks of gestation.
  2. An infection in the uterus or placenta.
  3. Maternal fever during labor.
  4. Preterm delivery.

Bacterial  infection can be acquired by the newborn during delivery. Group B Strep (GBS) is a kind of bacterium that people harbor in their intestinal tracts, but it can also colonize the vagina as well and infect a newborn infant during labor.

Some symptoms of neonatal sepsis include :-

  • Disinterest in feeding.
  • Difficulty feeding.
  • Fever greater than 100.4 F (38 C), in some cases low unstable temperature.
  • Change in skin color.
  • Rash.
  • Jaundice.
  • Decreased amount of urine.
  • Lethargic.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Poor cry or high pitched cry.

Another source of possible infection comes from hospital equipment that a preterm infant might need to use.

Symptoms of neonatal sepsis can be vague,  some prevention actions can be taken in pregnant women, a simple swab test can be done (between 35 and 37 weeks of pregnancy), to determine if

they carry GBS bacteria.

Newborns can also acquire a  bacterial infection in the care area at home between 8 to 28 days old. So be sure to sanitize your home thoroughly.

This would only prevent some types of sepsis so if your newborn display any symptoms of neonatal

sepsis call your doctor right away.

Spread Of Neonatal Sepsis.

Spread Of Neonatal Sepsis.

Other articles that I have published.

In my next post, I intend to share, with you,  a very serious health issue that can affect newborns with deadly outcome. In the mean time, if you are interested in more of my published works, you can look me up at skperdon.hubpages.com

You will be able to find information on some health issues such as Blood InfectionAbdominal Obesity and ITP.

I have also shared some of my experiences on social and parenting issues in Different Lifestyles – Hub 1 and Hub 2.

A sixth hub that I have published on HubPages,  is currently up for this week’s Rising Star Program. The Hub is titled My Lasagna without Ricotta.

You can vote for “My Lasagna without Ricotta”  by clicking on the link above, before Wednesday of this week.

Stay Healthy and Happy now!

And now for some good news!!!

The Hub is titled My Lasagna without Ricotta. WON!!!!!

“My Lasagna without Ricotta” is now a Rising Star on HubPages Rising Star Program.

Thank you for your support! Those of you who voted for it made it happen.

Baby’s First Bath

Picture

Picture (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A Sponge Bath

Although your new baby needs to be cleaned, newborns do not get dirty, it is advisable to start by giving him a sponge bath for about a week, or until the umbilical cord stump dries up and the area is completely healed.

You will need to select a room that is warm, the sink in your bathroom is a good example. Have the items that you will need for a sponge bath within easy reach:-

You will need to be focused solely on your baby, never leave your baby unsupervised,  so turn off any distractions, if the door bell rings and you need to answer it take him with you!

Undress baby to the diaper and wrap a towel around his lower half, some babies might not like to be completely naked.

Before you begin, test the water to be sure that it is warm enough but not hot!

Keep a  secure hold on him while you use the cotton balls to clean around the eyes.The cotton tip applicators are great for cleaning various ear and neck crevices, do not insert in ear canal.

Give baby’s face a thorough cleaning using the warm wash cloth, dry his face, then on to his hair, use the wash cloth to gently squeeze a little water on his hair, apply a dab of shampoo and gently massage his scalp and rinse by squeezing water so it runs over hair, blot dry and cover with the hood of towel.

Continue cleaning arms and legs by gently extending and washing and drying, and covering again alternately with wash cloth and towel.

To clean the genitalia area. For girls, hold baby’s legs out like a frog, gently spread the labia and wipe with with a warm moist cotton ball. Always wipe from front to back, this area needs the most thorough cleaning as there might be secretions, caked diaper cream. For boys, clean the creases beneath the  scrotum, the skin of the groin and buttocks and the base of the penis. Retract the skin if uncircumcised, to gently clean area.

Quickly dry and dress your bundle of joy before he has a chance to catch a cold.

My reference for this blog came from Ask Dr Sears.com.

 

 

Bonding with baby.

A mother breast feeding—a process that facilit...

A mother breast feeding—a process that facilitates mother–infant bonding. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

After a long sound sleep your little bundle of joy is ready to give you the focus of those beautiful bright eyes, or it could be the squawking of a hungry baby. Either way, baby  is looking for food.

Don’t forget that first feeding is important to both of you, it is important to be calm and just let baby set the pace. If she fusses don’t take it persona, it’s just her way of getting acquainted with it.

Remember, you are both in this together, you are anxious to be a mom and although she is hungry she is figuring out nursing too, This is your first real bonding experience, so have fun with it.

Dads might think that moms have the act of bonding cornered with breastfeeding, but you have no cause to feel left out of it. Studies have shown that you produce almost the same level of oxytocin (a hormone that is key to jump starting and maintaining the nurturing instincts in men and women)  as mothers.

So dads, please,  feel  free to let the love that you feel for your baby in, you do have the capacity for it.   Cuddling your baby after birth , feeding your baby with expressed milk,  skin to skin contact with your son/daughter would really increase your nurturing and bonding abilities  with the same perks enjoyed by moms.

I know in the distant past that it was thought to be a “mom thing”, now there are studies to prove that isn’t so. Even  during pregnancy you were taking care of your baby by making joint decisions on how to care for  his mother. So don’t feel left out of your baby’s life.

"Father gives attention to his newborn da...

“Father gives attention to his newborn daughter in a hospital warming tray. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)